Early glass furnace
above: an early glass-
working furnace

If you are interested in
Lampwork you'll probably
enjoy Angela's book on
London Lampworkers







Glass Encyclopedia

Click here for the full
list of latest topics

or click on any of
the following links:

Advertising glass
Akro Agate glass
Amberina glass
American glass
Ancient glass
Apothecary glass
Apsley Pellatt glass
Art Deco glass
Art nouveau glass
Arts and Crafts glass
August Walther Glass
Baccarat glass
Bagley glass
Barolac glass
Beads (glass)
Bimini glass
Blenko glass
Books on glass
Bottles (glass)
Boyd's Crystal Glass
Brierley Crystal glass
E O Brody glass
Bubble glass
Burtles Tate glass
Caithness glass
Cameo glass
Cameo incrustations
Carnival glass
Cast glass
Chance glass
Charder glass
Cire Perdue glass
Cloud glass
Cobalt blue glass
Consolidated glass
Contemporary glass
Coralene glass
Coudersport glass
Crackle glass
Cranberry glass
Custard cups (glass)
Custard glass
Cut crystal glass
Dartington glass
Daum glass
Davidson's glass
Depression glass
Dew drop glass
Dorothy Thorpe glass
Drinking glasses
Dumps
DVDs on Glass
EAPG glassware
End-of-day glass
Etling glass
European glass
Fairy Lights
Federal glass
Fenton glass
Fire-King glass
Flygsfors glass
Fostoria glass
Frank Thrower glass
French glass
Fry Glass
Galle Glass
Glass hand vases
Glass-working
Glass Dumps
Gold ruby glass
Goofus Glass
Gray-stan glass
Greeners glass
Hand vases
Hazel Atlas glass
Heisey glass
Historismus glass
Hobnail glass
Hunebelle glass
Imperial glass
Intaglio glass
Irradiated glass
Isle of Wight glass
Italian glass
Jack-in-Pulpit glass
Jade glass
James Derbyshire
Jeannette Glass
Joblings glass
Joe Rice glass
John Derbyshire
J Walsh Walsh glass
Kemple glass
King's Lynn glass
Komaromy glass
Lalique glass
Leerdam glass
Le Verre Francais
L G Wright glass
Libbey glass
Libensky glass
Lobmeyr glass
Loetz or Lotz glass
Lost wax technique
Malachite glass
Manchester glass
Marbles (glass)
Marqueterie de Verre
Mary Gregory glass
Mdina glass
Mercury glass
Milk glass
Molineux Webb glass
Monart glass
Murano glass
Nailsea glass
Nazeing glass
New Zealand glass
NZ paperweights
Northwood glass
Opalescent glass
Orient & Flume glass
Orplid glass
Orrefors glass
Pallme-Konig glass
Paperweights
Paperweights of NZ
Pate de Verre
Peachblow glass
Pearline glass
Percival Yates & Vickers
Perthshire Paperw'ts
Phoenix glass
Pictures on glass
Pilgrim glass
Pirelli glass
Powell glass
Riverside glass
Reverse paint on glass
Roman glass
Rose bowls
Royal Brierley glass
Ruby glass
Sabino glass
Scandinavian glass
Schneider glass
Shoes in glass
Silhouettes on glass
Silvered glass
Silver overlay glass
Slag glass
Sowerby glass
Spatter glass
Stained glass
St Clair glass
Steuben Glass
Stevens & Williams
Strathearn glass
Stretch glass
STS Abel Zagreb glass
Sulphides in glass
Sun changed glass
Thomas Webb glass
Tiara glass
Tiffany glass
Tiffin glass
Toothpick Holders
Tortoiseshell glass
Tudor Crystal glass
Uranium glass
Val St Lambert glass
Vasart glass
Vaseline glass
Venetian glass
Venini glass
Verlys glass
Videos on Glass
Vistosi Glass
Vitro Porcelain Glass
Walther Glass
Waterford Crystal
Webb Corbett glass
Webb, Thomas glass
Wedgwood glass
Westmoreland glass
Whitefriars glass
WMF glass
Ysart glass

Useful glass links

Glass Message Board

Glass Museum on Line

Books on Glass

Glass Target Searches

Glass-working from
The Glass Encyclopedia

A short explanation of Glass-working:
There are many forms of working with glass, some requiring large expensive furnaces and cooling ovens (for glass blowing)whilst others need only a blow torch (for lampworking) or a small kiln (for slumped glass).

The Phoenicians are traditionally credited with discovering how to make glass, but it is an unlikely story. According to Pliny the Elder, some Phoenician merchants were on a beach and built a fire. They used blocks of natron from their cargo, and the heat of the fire fused the sand, natron and burning wood to produce glass. It isn't a very plausible story because a beach fire probably wouldn't be hot enough to produce glass.

It was the Romans who discovered that the fluid property of glass as it cools makes it possible to blow a bubble into the glass and create a vessel. And so glass blowing began.

Atoms and molecules move around freely in liquid molten glass. When it cools the atoms do not form a crystalline structure, as they do in most other materials. Glass stays flexible as it cools and can be manipulated by blowing a bubble into it, or pulling it around to make various shapes before it cools and becomes a "super cooled liquid". This is one of the most wonderful features of glass, that make it such a delight for the creative glass artist.




References and Sources:

We have selected some new or recent books as well as some favourite classic books on working with Glass. Click on the book cover or title to see more information.


Sand Cast Chinese 2014 Kiln-Formed Glass 2014 Kiln Cast Glass 2013 Kiln-Formed Glass: Beyond the Basics 2014 Beginners Guide to Kiln-formed glass 2012 Penland classes in Flameworking 2011 Creative Lampwork 2011 Mould Making for Glass 2011 Glass Notes 2006 Kiln forming glass Contemporary Kiln Formed Glass 2009.jpg Coldworking Glass Contemporary Lampworking III Warm glass Lampworking Art of Fire beginning glassblowing glass disctionary Dictionary of Glass glass science book Glass Notes Advanced Fusing Flameworking book Art and Soul of Beads Advanced Glassworking Women Working in Glass Libbey American Glassmaker 2011 A History of Owens-Illinois Glass makers book Stourbridge Glassmakers book Glass-making in England History of Glassmaking in England The Glassmakers Pilkington History of Glassmaking in London 2013 Decorative glasswork bookPilchuck glass book Studio Craft as Career by Stankard 2016 Stankard: Spark the Creative Flame 1000 Glass Beads Creating Glass Beads Complete Glass Beadmaking Glass Bead Workshop exotic bead book Creative bead book

The Complete Book of Glass Beadmaking (Sept 2010) by Kimberley Adams. A popular book which has been described by a reviewer as "the complete book for a beginner".
Glass Bead Workshop: Building Skills, Exploring Techniques, Finding Inspiration (May 2008) by Jeri L. Warhaftig. 144 full colour pages showing advanced techniques using step-by-step photos, thorough explanation, and very creative projects.
The Book of Beads: A practical and inspirational guide to Beads and Jewelry Making (Aug 90) by Janet Coles and Robert Budwig. A very popular guide covering an extensive range of information.
Exotic Beads: 45 distinctive Beaded Jewelry Designs (Mar 96) by Sara Withers. 128 pages of beautiful project ideas.
Creative Bead Jewelry: Weaving Looming, Stringing, Wiring and Making Beads (Oct 95) by Carol Taylor. 144 pages written in a highly entertaining style, giving comprehensive advice for novices to experts on these techniques of bead-working.
Irresistible bead book new bead book beads book Beads of the World Jenkins Beads of Glass
The Irresistible Bead: Designing and Creating Exquisite Beadwork Jewelry (Nov 96) by Linda Fry Kenzle. Another very popular book on beadworking.
The New Beadwork (Oct 92) by Kathlyn Moss. A hardcover book with 112 pages of advice on beadwork and design.
Stained Glass (July 94) by Kay Bain Weiner. A guide to Tiffany copper foil techniques.
More books on stained glass
Pate de Verre and Kiln Casting of Glass (Apr 97) Daniel M. Fenton and James E. Kervin. 198 pages of information on these techniques..
Making Glass Beads (Oct 97) by Cindy Jenkins. 112 pages of advice on making a wide range of bead designs.
Fused Glass Handbook (Aug 87) by Gill Reynolds. A popular handbook.
Kiln Firing Glass: Glass Fusing Book One (revised edition) (Jun 94) by Boyce Lundstrom and Danile Schwoerer. The first of a series covering the various techniques of glass fusing.
Advanced Fusing Techniques (Glass Fusing Book 2) (Jun 89) by Boyce Lundstrom.
Glass Casting and Mold Making (Glass Fusing Book 3) (Jun 89) by Boyce Lundstrom.
The History of Beads: from 30,000 BC to the present (Sept 95) by Lois Sherr Dubin. Great pictures; great information; a very handsome book, originally a very expensive hardback now in paperback at a very reasonable price.
Alchemy in Light: Making Art Glass (Jan 98) by Tapeworm Video. This is a video currently available in USA/Canada format only (you can usually get US videos converted).
English-Spanish-Portuguese Dictionary of Glassmaking (Sept 92) a dictionary of technical terms used in glassmaking translating between three languages.
Prism and Lens Making (Feb 88) by F. Twyman.
Contemporary Lampworking: A practical guide to Shaping Glass in the Flame (Sept 95) by Bandhu Scott Dunham. Technical information on glass shaping including detailed advice on glass compatibility; studio set-up; safety, plus a gallery of contemporary glasswork.
Glassblowing: An introduction to Artistic and Scientific Flameworking 2nd Edition (revised) (Nov 93) by Edward Carberry.
Glassblowing: An introduction to solid and blown sculpturing (Nov 89) by Homer L. Hoyt.
Studio Craft as Career: A Guide to Achieving Excellence in Art (Dec 2016) by Paul J. Stankard. Career advice from a great glass artist.
Spark the Creative Flame: Making the Journey from Craft to Art (Dec 2013) by Paul J. Stankard, one of glassmakings truly great artists.









Browse specialist books on Glass
- what's new?
- what did you miss?
The place to browse through interesting glass books - book-seek.com>









Or make your own search of Amazon.co.uk











Target ebay searches!

Find your favourite glass
with our Target Searches

- save time when you are busy
and don't miss an opportunity!

- CLICK HERE












NEW - Glass Blog
have a look









Copyright (c) 1998 - 2016 Angela M. Bowey.
All rights reserved. Copying material from this page for
reproduction in any format is expressly forbidden.
Web site designed by: Angela M. Bowey.
URL to this page:
http://www.glassencyclopedia.com/glassworking.html